A street shoulder is the area along the street, typically 12-24 inches wide and - for Township streets - usually unpaved.
Street shoulders in the Township right of way must slope away from the paved street surface to allow water to drain away from the street. Stormwater collects along the shoulder edge and travels parallel to the street until a point of collection or point of discharge, such as a ditch, swale or stormwater pipe inlet.
Street and shoulder drainage is important to minimize street flooding, minimize icing during cold weather conditions and preserve the street surface. Even the tiniest "false berm" acts as a barrier to surface water drainage and prevents water from properly reaching a swale, ditch and/or inlet, causing serious damage and/or creating safety risks.
The Township Public Works Crew is responsible for shoulder cutting and grading to improve drainage and allow water to leave the street.